Dollar glut hits market as Naira appreciates further

ExchangeAftermath of the pumping of $380 million into the market by the Central Bank of Nigeria between Tuesday and Wednesday, the Naira on Thursday appreciated significantly by N20 in one day to close at N380 to the dollar.

Naira traded for N400 at the close of trading the day before.

Similarly, the local currency firmed up on the Bureau de Change (BDC) segment of the market, trading at between N376 and N378 to the dollar in Lagos, Abuja and Kano.

The gains, according to a source at the CBN were largely influenced by increased dollar liquidity in the economy, as the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) sustains its intervention in the foreign exchange (FX) market.

The CBN has consistently pumped dollars into the market and simplified the documentation process for small and medium sized businesses to enable them import eligible items and increased both the amount and number of sales to BDCs.

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According to a source at the central bank, the naira is expected to appreciate further when the BDCs get another tranche of $20,000 from the CBN today.

Analysts had rightly forecast that with the forays by the CBN in the various segments of the market, the naira would strengthen against the greenback and other convertible currencies this week.

Financial Derivatives Company Limited yesterday said that the naira would strengthen further on the parallel market “in the days to come”.

CBN spokesman, Mr. Isaac Okorafor recently assured FX end-users that the central bank would sustain its dollar injection in the market.

He also asked market participants to abide by the rules to ensure the preservation of the external reserves, stability of the financial system, and growth of the economy.

Despite all dollars pumped into the market by the central bank, the accretion of Nigeria’s external reserves remained undented, rising by $279 million to $30.586 billion as of Wednesday, from $30.307 billion two weeks before.


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Also, following the federal government’s bid to create the enabling environment for doing business in Nigeria, the central bank yesterday announced the reduction of documentation requirements for imports and exports.

The timeline for processing the Nigerian Export Proceeds (NXP) Form was also revised.

The CBN stated this in a circular signed by its Director, Trade and Exchange Department, CBN, W.D. Gotring.

It said the timeline for processing Form ‘NXP’ by authorised dealers shall be a maximum of 48 hours from the receipt of the application, subject to appropriate documentation.

Furthermore, authorised dealers are expected to submit returns to the CBN in compliance with the 48-hour timeline.

“All authorised dealers are therefore advised to take note and bring the circular to the attention of their customers,” it added.

It listed the revised import documentation as follows: Bill of Lading, Certificate of Origin (formerly Combined Certificate of Value of Origin), Commercial Invoice, Exit Note (formerly Exit Gate), Form ‘M’, Packing List, Single Goods Declaration, and Product Certificate.

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Revised export documentation, according to the central bank, include Bill of Lading, Certificate of Origin, Commercial Invoice, Single Goods Declaration, Nigerian Export Proceeds Form, Clean Certificate of Inspection (CCI), and Packing List.